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tv   Journal  PBS  August 22, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> live from the dw studios here in berlin, this is the "journal ." >> thanks so much for joining us. coming up on the show -- the ousted egyptian president hosni mubarak out of prison. we will go live to cairo. >> a german parliamentary investigative committee delivers a damning verdict on the country's intelligence agencies. >> and china's once untouchable poitical star bo xilai is on trial with a guilty verdict all but certain.
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>> well, it is another strange twist in the crisis in egypt. the president who was kicked out of power and a revolution two years ago has been freed from jail. >> on thursday, a helicopter transported hosni mubarak to a hospital just a day after a court ordered his release. >> we will go to cairo for a reaction, which has been rather muted. >> these images of an 85-year- old former strongman, who, in a rather dramatic turn of events, reclaims his freedom. >> the helicopter flight lasted a mere few minutes. the news dismayed many egyptians. hosni mubarak was allowed to leave jail and enter house arrest while the country's democratically elected resident, mohamed morsi, remains in custody after a military coup. it's a blow to morsi's islamist
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supporters but also to the activists of the 2011 arab spring. it was their protest on cairo posterity square that forced mubarak to step down -- it was their protests on cairo's tahrir square. >> we lost everything. now the police state will return. injustice will return, and every other negative thing that we hoped was gone is back. >> they have released mubarak and everyone else in the former regime. what is left is for him to rule us again. >> but the 85-year-old mubarak still has many supporters. >> this man served egypt for many years, but in his last 10 years, he was attacked. i believe that he was a victim of the actions of the people he was surrounded by, and his
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punishment was that he surrendered. >> mubarak's future is now up to the courts. his trial continues, even though he will no longer have to await its outcome in custody. >> we are joined by our correspondent in cairo. we have a former dictator here who has been released from prison. we've got the recently elected president of egypt still detained. the world is scratching its head right now. re: egyptians as the wilderness as we are? >> yes, hello. i personally think it is a really good time to take mubarak out of jail right now. the country is in complete turmoil, and this decision has more than ever divided cairo and egypt. you have the people who started the revolution who are just as the wilderness the rest of the world. this is a huge setback to the
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revolution, a betrayal of the judiciary, and on the other hand, you have the people who trust the military blindly, who trust the current government, and who feel like this is something that looks like the old regime is back. >> that is what it deals like. we are looking at pictures of mubarak leaving prison, basically a free man. is the military trying to restore the mubarak system without mubarak? >> it is difficult to say at this point. you have the ministry of interior announcing a couple of days ago that the egyptian cia is back, and that definitely raises some fear that the old regime with the police court is back. if the military has the best interests of the state in mind, that they will try to not reinstate the military state or a police state.
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>> thank you very much. >> we stay in the middle east where israel has reported that it intercepted rocket fire from lebanon on thursday. it also said that two or three other rockets came down outside israeli territory. >> there were no casualties reported, but israeli tv show troppo the damage. rockets were fired from an area that is a hezbollah stronghold. there was no immediate claim of responsibility, but israel blamed what it called a global jihad he -- jihadi organization. row after row of corpses -- that is the latest product of syria's civil war. >> opposition forces say hundreds of people were killed in a chemical attack outside of damascus on wednesday. the french have raised the possibility of using force if the allegations prove to be true. >> in berlin, the turkish foreign minister called on the international community to intervene immediately.
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>> the german foreign minister's meeting with his turkish counterpart was dominated by allegations that as many as 1300 people have been killed in a chemical attack in syria. he demanded an investigation. >> if these reports are confirmed, it would be outrageous and a crime against humanity. that means it is urgently necessary that the inspectors be allowed immediate access so they can investigate everything. >> both ministers criticized the united nations security council's response. >> several red lines have been crossed. of sanctions are not imposed immediately, then we will lose our power to deter. >> the united nations secretary- general called on syria to give chemical weapons inspectors immediate access to damascus suburbs where the alleged poison gas attacks occurred, but members of the united nations security council failed to pass a binding resolution.
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russia toss foreign ministry questioned the account of the rebels of the foreign attack -- russia's foreign ministry. >> a political solution is the only way to stop the violence and spilling of blood in serious. it's the only way to protect the syrian people. >> for russia, that means no intervention in syria's internal affairs. >> we will go back over that russian connection and a few minutes, but first, we go to max hoffman, covering washington. here we go again with this talk about a red line with chemical weapons in serious set by washington. any chance this time that the u.s. is going to move and take action? >> there is really no sign for that at the moment. the only official word we've heard from the white house actually was from the deputy press secretary, who insisted that the united nations should investigate what happened in
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syria on wednesday. of course, the top military officer in the country publicly, basically, giving advice against ramping up military presence in syria. by the way, interesting detail -- general dempsey was supposed to talk to foreign media on wednesday, but he canceled at the last minute. regulation is this is tied to what happened in syria. >> is there any way now at this stage to convince them to finally do something about serious -- syria? >> among diplomats in new york, they think that china probably could be swayed if russia was not so firmly standing behind the assad regime at the moment. there really is no indication for russia changing its standpoint in the security council. as you know, russia has a veto there, so without russia, nothing can be done. prime example on wednesday when
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the security council was unable even to formulate a written press statement, so no expectations here from the united nations to do something about the situation in syria, at the moment, at least. >> as always, thank you very much. we want to stay with serious -- syria for a moment. those pictures of rooms full of dead bodies, the strongest evidence yet that chemical weapons are being used. >> but how reliable are those images, and just who is responsible? >> images circulating on the internet are shocking, and authentic, they are evidence of war crimes. an alleged chemical attack on civilians with hundreds killed. what they do not show is who is responsible for the assault. observers point to the possible perpetrators. first, the government.
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the assad regime has a huge arsenal of chemical weapons but says it has never used them. to back up his claims, president assad has invited inspectors to syria to examine three sites where chemical weapons were allegedly used. some say it is unlikely the government would use such weapons while its vectors were in the country. others suggest that because so many already believe the regime has used weapons in the past, it did so again to demonstrate its readiness to attack the rebels anytime, anywhere, even under the surveillance of inspectors. it also could be the work of the military or, more precisely, one or more of its commanders. the damascus area is the operational territory of the fourth division under the president's brother. officers of the elite force could have their own reasons for seeking to escalate the conflict. there have been signs that
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assad's control of his regime is less than complete. in an unexpected move in july, he replaced the entire leadership of the ruling party. the president has mostly left the army's top officers untouched, and thaith good reason. the army is ass key to reestablishing the territorial reach of his regime. the third possibility is the rebels themselves. opposition forces have been losing ground to the government in recent months. that might haunt them to use captured chemical weapons in a bid to encourage foreign governments to get involved in the conflict. the rebel ranks also include growing numbers of jihadist militias, fighting to create an islamic state in syria, but the area of the attack has been under rebel control for months. many say it is implausible rebels would launch poison gas
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attacks on civilians within their own territory. at this point, it has not even been established that chemical weapons were in fact used here, but cerium conflict is growing more and more complex, and those who have suffered the most are civilians. >> to business news now, and switzerland has come under fire in recent years for its banking secrecy. now it is fighting back. a swiss court has sentenced a computer specialist to three years for selling client data to german tax authorities. the 54-year-old german-born man was charged with industrial espionage and money laundering after selling a cd containing account information. germany paid him 1.1 million euros for the information. he agreed to a deal with prosecutors that would allow him to serve half the sentence on probation. and better-than-expected euro zone economic data bolstered investor sentiment today. let's have a look now at how the financial markets performed.
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in frankfurt, the dax was up 1.3%. the euro stocks moved higher 1.3% as well. at last check, the dow jones average is up .37%, and the euro slightly down, trading currently at $1.3349. >> it is being called china's trial of the century, and the plaintiff says he was framed. >> bo xilai, the man who once was set to run the communist party, is accused of accepting over 3 million euros in bribes. this is his first public appearance. >> and a very un-chinese style, he is strongly denying the charges. >> bo xilai arrived at the courthouse under police escort. as well as bribery, prosecutors accuse him of corruption and abuse of power, relating to his wife's involvement in the death of a british this is man.
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his supporters were kept away from the median, but some gathered outside the security perimeter to express support. the message from authorities was that corrupt politicians would be dealt with harshly. in a day of surprises, he gave an unexpectedly feisty defense, denying all the charges and dismissing testimony from witnesses including his wife. he referred to a key witness as a mad dog and claimed he was framed. another surprise was how quickly information about the trial made its way to the media. the court released regular updates on an official microblog . this suggests beijing wants to be seen as providing greater transparency. >> the court hearing was conducted on the principles of judicial openness and everybody being treated equally before the law. it followed strict legal procedures. >> the trial is expected to end on friday, and the verdict,
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likely next month. >> we are going to take a break. when we come back, charges of racism in how to german authorities have dealt with far right extremist murderers. >> plus, a look at the sarajevo film festival. don't go away.
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>> welcome back, everyone. racist tendencies that allowed a far right cell to go on a killing spree for years undetected. >> in germany, a parliamentary
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committee has highlighted widespread institutional bias among the country hostage or the service. >> it all goes back to a series of murders that the police and media have long dubbed the donor kebab killings, suspecting that the blame lay with turkish criminal gangs. >> it's not just the link of the report that has caused consternation in government circles. the document gives a scathing assessment of germany's to cure the services. -- germany's security services. the government said that police and intelligence services as well as the judicial system had failed utterly in their mission. >> it's outrageous that when a capital crime is committed, the type of investigation depends on whether the victim belongs to an ethnic minority in this country. >> for years, police investigated only for evidence related to organized crime and kept a suspicious eye on the
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victims' family and friends, meanwhile ignoring porton evidence -- important evidence. now, lawmakers are demanding consequences. >> in violent crimes where there is no evidence about the suspect but were xenophobic, racist, or religious motives could be possible in light of the victims' background, police and prosecutors should be required to probe in that direction and document their efforts. >> the report offers nearly 50 recommendations. lawmakers across party lines have promised reforms so that these kinds of mistakes are never repeated. >> all right, let's go to our political correspondent who is on the story for us. talk about a terrible thursday. this is a damning report --
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racism guiding murder investigations. >> that's right. this report is deeply disturbing. it shows that authorities at multiple levels in germany systematically failed to recognize the racist motives behind a series of murders of migrants over years. the report runs more than 1300 pages and documents in great detail what those failings were. the head of the investigative committee and the parliament said that -- he stopped short of saying that there was systematic racism within the authorities, but he said there were racists in the german government investigative authorities, and he said that there were massive problem's in terms of cooperation between the state and federal authorities. >> what about this trial of the suspect in this killing spree? we are hearing that this trial could last another year. >> that's right. we expect further details about the killings to come out over
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the course of the next several months. a munich court just last month said that the trial of these five suspects, these alleged right-wing terrorists, would continue through the end of 2014, so we can expect to learn a lot more about the ugly underbelly of the german right- wing scene over the coming months. >> thank you very much. all right, we are going to stay here in germany. just a month ago before election day. >> as part of our weeklong series examining various election campaigns, today's the turn of the free immigrants. the ftp cannot be dismissed. >> with no clear majority for any political parties inside right now, smaller parties often act as kingmaker for the big boys. >> the ftp's lead candidate at a
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campaign event. he was out of action for almost two months after breaking a leg and a fall, but now, he is back, trying to excite the base with his fiery style and his party's core anti-tax message. >> it's wrong when we are taking in 700 billion euros in taxes more than ever before to add even more taxes. that is something everyone thathould know before this election, and there's only one constellation that will prevent that -- the fdp, which says no t taxes. >> despite his best efforts, he struggles to connect with voters. >> somehow, he seemed a little tired. he was not in top form like he usually is, but he was not bad. >> he is a great campaigner. he is very knowledgeable. but when he was actually in a position to do something, he was
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not that great. >> he served as economic minister for two years and angela merkel's cabinet. now he is trying to save the ftp from sliding into obscurity. after winning almost 15% in 2009, their best result ever, their popularity has plummeted. since then, the party has struggled to stay above the five percent threshold needed to stay in parliament. can he turn the party around? the last few months have not been encouraging, and not just because of his accident. the campaign got off to a rocky start. when he was offered the leadership, he flinched. the two men's relationship is regarded as strained. then a reporter wrote a story alleging that he made inappropriate remarks to her at
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a bar, triggering a debate about sexism in germany. the scandal is still a political liability. the ftp hopes campaign events like this one will help to lift the party's popularity. plans by opposition parties to raise taxes could help, but they still need to drive home their message. >> we will fight until the last day. as a rule, we do better than opinion polls predict, while the greens do less well than opinion polls say. >> but with only four weeks until election day, there's very little time to pull the party out of its slump. >> all right, leila. it takes two to tango. >> it does. >> it does, and i'm talking about the dancing that arose in argentina's poorer districts and was even declared part of the country's heritage back in 2009. >> t takes center stage over the
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next few days at the championships. they say it is the most sensual dance between two people, so watch your step. >> it is known as the forbidden dance, so sensuous that it was banned by pope pius the 10th 100 years ago, but there's no stopping them. 556 couples from 37 countries are competing in this year's annual world tango championship. for them, it is more than just a dance. it's a marriage of mind, body, and soul. >> t is a philosophy. it's a way of life. it's magical. it brings happiness to all people in the world. >> over the course of two days, they will compete in two types of tango -- the flashy stage style, and the more traditional
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style. judges will score their performance based on technique thomas creativity, and interpretation, and while it takes two to tango, there is one rule -- the man leads the woman, but as they say here, with the right skill, a woman will make her man lead her wherever she wants to go. >> it is just wonderful to get to dance and get to know all the people here. the tango is such a beautiful dance. it is so sentimental. >> the final dance off will take place next week, and for the first time ever, organizers have invited same-sex couples to compete. on this stage, sensuality is everything, but gender is not. >> just like right here. >> well, it's lights, camera, and action in sarajevo, where the 19th annual film festival kicked off. >> hollywood superstar and regular fixture angelina jolie headlined the event with her directorial debut about the atrocities of the bosnian war.
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>> the country is still dealing with the ramifications of that conflict. >> the country also gives local visitors some respite from the nation's many a lyrical problems -- many political problems. >> hollywood stars like angelina jolie used to come here, but that was a long time ago. now, there are few sponsors left. this bosnian oscar-winner is struggling to keep the festival alive. he is up against a lot of problems. but the first problem is, of course, the political system that is really not functioning. it was supposed to be a temporary measure, but it is there for 20 years, and it is obviously not working. but the political elites of the country do not want to change. >> the country has come to a standstill. there's political standstill between bosniak, croats, and serves. not a single decision has been
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made this year in the parliament. bosnia risks losing out on hundreds of millions of euros of aid from the eu if politicians cannot agree to work together. right behind the festival site, people are struggling to get by. illegal street sales until the police come. >> this is all i have. my entire existence. >> i hardly have a sin to live on, but our politicians are doing well. >> the festival kicks off with opens up -- with "an episode in the life of an iron bigger." sinnott is refused treatment at a hospital, although the fetus she is pregnant with has died. she has no health insurance. >> bosnia has a be more than ever and unsecured future, maybe more than ever, it is more and
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more obvious to what extent this country stagnates. some say here in sarajevo if there is no fundamental political change, this might remain like this for the next 10 years. >> all right, it's time to tango. we will see you at the top of the next hour. >> bye-bye. captioned by the national captioning institute --www.ncicap.org--
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